Mercedes-Benz - the German automaker that specializes in the production of cars and engines. Headquartered in Stuttgart.
In 1900 died the famous avtoizobretatel Gottlieb Daimler (Gottlieb Daimler), head of Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft, and then the family business was continued by his son Paul Daimler (Paul Daimler) and engineer, confidant Gottlieb Wilhelm Maybach (Wilhelm Maybach). Last in the same year began to develop a new car project. The first sample was designed as a two-seater sports car and got the name Mercedes. Actually, he was named in honor of Mercedes Jellinek, an eleven-year daughter of one of the owners of the company, the Austrian businessman Emil Jellinek (Emil Jellinek). Jellinek himself was an avid racing driver and has repeatedly won competitions in vehicles manufactured by Daimler.
The company also produces vehicles in addition to the marine and aircraft engines. It gave her a reason to take in the future as a three-beam star logo, symbolizing the supremacy of the enterprise in all three elements - earth, water and air.
The first car, released under the Mercedes brand, called Mercedes-35R5 and had a classical arrangement of units - wheel drive rear, front engine. He later served as the basis for a series of models produced under the brand name Mercedes-Simplex, such as Mercedes-40PS, Mercedes-60PS and others. In the future, the company produced a wide range of different models of cars, including a variety of racing with valveless engine Mercedes-Knight, who has repeatedly won in international competitions before the First World War.
After the war, the company's business, unlike many of its competitors, were not so bad. In particular, for one of the models of Paul Daimler developed a volumetric supercharger, which allowed to increase the engine power by half. In 1923, the company has come a new designer - Ferdinand Porsche (Ferdinand Porsche). Since 1926, he became the head of merged into one company Daimler and Benz. The new group was a logical name Daimler-Benz. Porsche has updated production program, modeled on the latest models of Daimler, which is now worn by Mercedes-Benz name. The first development was the so-called "death trap" - a model series of compressor K, has a relatively large capacity and speed. This series became the ancestor of the other series of Mercedes - S series. In 1928, the head of the concern took place Hans Niebel (Hans Nibel). Since his arrival were released model Mannheim-370 and Nurburg-500, the development of which began even Porsche. They were followed by Grosser Mercedes, it is Mercedes-Benz-770, which had a powerful engine with a supercharger. Niche small cars began to win in 1931 with Mercedes-170 model. Then, the assembly line went down passenger Mercedes-200 and a racing sports car Mercedes-380, as well as other representatives of the brand, of which there were quite a lot.
In 1935 the firm changed again chief designer. This time it was Max Zaller (Max Sailer). The company produced luxury cars, purchased as a senior foreign personalities and leaders of states and heads of Nazi Germany.
Since the beginning of the war the concern not only continued to produce their branded passenger cars, but also switched to trucks. Affected favor of the Nazi elite, while many of the company's competitors had to work for the defense industry forced. After the war it was necessary to restore the bombed-production, so the cars arrived on stream only in 1946. Among the new models is particularly highlight the series 200 and 300.
1958 was marked by the introduction of serial production of new engines from the firm Robert Bosh, possessed of high-precision mechanical fuel injection system. This led to a significant increase in vehicle power and became a hallmark of Mercedes for a considerable time.
In 1963, the company demonstrated the world model 600 executive class, claim at the time to be the best car in the world. And in Frankfurt in 1965 it was presented to S-series, which now serves as a measure of technical perfection Mercedes models. Updates released series took place at the Mercedes regularly, in particular in 1967 represented range of models for the middle class, in 1976, she improved. 1982 was the year of the return to the origins of Mercedes - compact models, are not issued with a 50-ies.
The nineties began an era of change for the brand as a fundamental restructuring of the program was implemented. Mercedes plans spread to many not previously covered segments of the market, although the basis of production are still the series C and E. At the time in 1998 at the Mercedes, there were 12 separate series. In 2000, the updated lineup of series C, S and CL.