In 1872, the son of Irish immigrants fell from a horse while working on his father's farm near the city of Dearborn (Michigan, USA). That same day, he decided to create a vehicle that would not cause suffering and it would be more reliable than vehicles using animal power. This rider was a failed Henry Ford (Henry Ford).
Later Henry and his eleven fellow enthusiasts have gathered a decent amount of 28,000 dollars, and June 16, 1903 filed an application for an industrial enterprise organization in Michigan.
Ford Motor Company began its production activity, and as a result was created "gasoline buggy" driven by a motor 8 hp, which received the name of "Model A".
Within ten years after Ford's known worldwide as a genius who gave the world the Ford T - a car that is available to everyone. Ford Motor Company introduced the first conveyor. Thanks to this technical novelty, Henry Ford was able to reduce the cost of the model Tin Lizzy from 850 to 290 dollars.
The secret to a successful centennial activities of Ford Motor Company? By creating a company, Henry Ford dreamed about the car, whose cost would not exceed the annual salary of ordinary workers who collected cars at a factory in Detroit.
Over a hundred years of its history, Ford has undergone many changes. However, the belief that people should be affordable, reliable and modern cars, remained unchanged.
Henry Ford was born in the town of Springfield, Michigan July 30, 1863. He was the eldest of six children of William and Mary Ford (William; Mary Ford), who owned a prosperous farm. Henry passed his childhood on the parent farm, where he helped the family and attend regular village school.
In 12 years, Henry has a small shop, where enthusiastically spent all his spare time. It was there a few years later he designed his first steam engine.
In 1879, Henry Ford moved to Detroit, where got a job assistant engineer. Three years later, Ford moved to Dearborn, and for five years in the construction and repair of steam engines, laboring from time to time at a plant in Detroit. In 1888 he married Clara Bryant (Clara Jane Bryant), and soon he was appointed manager at the mill.
In 1891, Ford became an engineer company Edison Illuminating, and two years later was appointed chief engineer of the company. A decent salary and a sufficient amount of free time allowed Ford to spend more time on the development of internal combustion engines.
The first internal combustion engine Ford gathered in the kitchen of his house. Soon he decided to put the engine to the frame with four bicycle wheels. So in 1896, he appeared ATV - a vehicle that has become the first car Ford.
Transferred in 1899 from the company Edison Illuminating, Henry Ford founded his own firm Detroit Automobile. Despite the fact that a year later, the company went bankrupt, Ford managed to gather several racing cars. Ford himself was involved in a car race in October 1901 managed to defeat American champion Alexander Winton (Alexander Winton).
Ford Motor Company appeared in 1903. Its founders were twelve businessmen from Michigan, headed by Henry Ford, who held 25.5% of the company shares, and held the positions of vice-president and chief engineer of the company.
Under the automobile factory was converted former factory vans on Mack Avenue in Detroit. Brigade, consisting of two or three workers, under the direct leadership of Ford's cars were collected from parts which are made to order by other companies.
The company's first car was sold July 23, 1903. Ford became the first establishment of "gasoline buggy" with a motor-driven power of 8 hp, dubbed the Model A. The car was described as "the most perfect machine on the market that are able to drive even 15-year-old boy." In 1906, Henry Ford became president and principal owner of the company.
The first Ford oval logo appeared in 1907 thanks to the first British company representatives Perry (Perry), Thornton (Thornton) and Schreiber (Schreiber). As part of the campaign, he was introduced as "the stigma of the highest standard", designed to symbolize the reliability and efficiency.
Over the next five years, Henry Ford led the overall development and production program. During this time the 19 letters of the alphabet were used - from Model A to Model S. Some of these models has remained at the level of experimental, before reaching the final consumer.
In 1908, Henry Ford realized his dream by releasing Model T. «Tin Lizzie» (Tin Lizzy), how it is affectionately called the Americans, became the most famous car in the history of the automotive industry.
Its base price was $ 260, and about 11 thousand of these machines were sold within just one year. It was the appearance of the Model T marked a new era in the development of personal transport.
Ford car was easy to manage, it does not require complicated maintenance and could drive even on rural roads.
Since then, the car becomes a matter of mass production, the demand for which is constantly growing.
At the same time, based on the Model T are machines for different services: pick-up trucks, cars to deliver small cargo, ambulance, vans and small buses.
To meet the growing needs of customers, and increase productivity, the Ford introduces the first time in its factories assembly-line production in which each worker performs a single operation, remaining in one place. As a result of innovations every 10 seconds off the assembly line went another Model T, and the moving conveyor belt has become a new, important stage of the industrial revolution.
In 1919, Henry Ford and his son Edsel (Adsel Ford) bought shares of the company from other shareholders of 105,568,858 dollars and became the sole owners of the firm. In the same year, Edsel inherited from his father as president of the company, which he held until his death in 1943. After the sudden death of her son Henry Ford once again had to stand at the helm of the company.
Model A, released in 1927, was the first car company Ford oval logo on the radiator grille. Until the end of the 50s, most Ford vehicles were produced with a well-known these days dark blue icon. Although oval badge was approved as the official emblem of Ford, he was not put on the cars before the mid-70s.
The rapid pace of life is constantly demanded of capacity increase and the introduction of unique technologies. Evolving to the rhythm of time, Ford Motor Company was ready to show off their latest achievements.
April 1, 1932 the company introduced the public V-shaped 8-cylinder engine. Ford became the first company that has managed to produce a monolithic 8-cylinder unit. Cars with this engine for a long time have become favorites of the practical Americans.
Already in 1934 on rural farms and on the streets of major cities have appeared trucks Ford, fully equipped with a modified engine.
At this time, all the more urgent becomes the problem of the safety car. Henry Ford did not leave without attention and the subject. At its plants first start to use safety glass, work is a constant risk reduction for human life - the care of the person has always been and remains the most important aspect of the company's general policy. Motorists and citizens generously pay for such care for their commitment and love for Ford.
The famous brand is gaining popularity not only in America but around the world. In this period, Ford has a huge network of factories and stores across America, opening branches in Europe and Russia. Thousands of cars are their masters around the world. Mark became truly popular.
In September 1945, Henry Ford handed over power to his eldest grandson - Henry Ford II. In May 1946, Henry Ford Sr. was awarded an honorary award for his services to the automotive industry, and at the end of that year, the American Petroleum Institute (American Petroleum Institute) awarded him a gold medal for service to the community.
Henry Ford died at the age of 83 at his home in Dearborn April 7, 1947. Thus ended an era in the history of Ford Motor, which in spite of the death of its founder continued to develop actively.
But the worthy grandson continues the work of his grandfather. June 8, 1948 a new model of Ford in 1949 was unveiled at an exhibition in New York. Its main features - smooth side panels, independent front suspension and opening rear side windows.
The integration of the body and wings was a novelty, establish standards of automotive design. In 1949, Ford sold about a million of these vehicles, reaching the highest volume of sales for the period since 1929.
With great speed and increasing the company's profits. This has led to an increase in production facilities, new manufacturing and assembly plants, test sites, engineering and research labs.
New kinds of activity: financial business - Ford Motor Company, insurance - American Road Insurance Company, Auto replacement parts - Ford Parts and Service Division, electronics, computers, space technology, and much more.
Finally, in January 1956, Ford Motor Company became the outdoor swimming joint stock company. At the moment the company of about 700 000 shareholders.
The focus in the 60s becomes young. In accordance with public sentiment, Ford quickly reorient their production to create affordable sports cars aimed the young buyer.
It was then, in 1964, at the court to the public for the first time seems to Mustang. The most important feature of novelty was the use of a new engine, which combines the two in the unit - transmission and drive axle. And compares favorably with its appearance - an original combination of modern design trends 50-60 years.
Such keen interest, which caused the car, not seen since the Model A. The Mustang quadruple hundred thousand cars were sold in the first hundred days. the company's profit exceeded the expected results.
Inspired by the success of Ford specialists continue to develop original design, using the most innovative trends and the development of the automotive industry. Their work is embodied in models such as Corina van and Transit.
But not only worried about profit staff and management Ford Motor Company. The struggle for the safety of driving.
So, in 1970, Ford became the first of the series producers, who introduced a front disc brake.
Since 1976, the legendary Ford oval logo with blue background and silver letters placed perfectly on all its cars to anywhere in the world could easily find products Ford.
Terms and conditions of tough competition, particularly heightened in this period, experts urge Ford to introduce new technology and other areas - emphasis on fuel economy. The aim of designers is to create a world-class leader in the middle and the representative market segments. The result was the Ford Taurus and Mercury Sebale.
It should be noted that the Taurus was created as a car, every detail is brought to perfection. The efforts have borne fruit - Taurus car was found in 1986, and a year later became a bestseller in America.
Then North America saw the improved Ford Taurus and Mercury Tracer, demonstrated the first big change in the design of cars that appeared on the market in the late 80s. In Europe, a modified F-Series pickup, the new Fiesta and minivans Galaxy were also presented.
The main goal of the company becomes a continuous improvement of its products while reducing production costs. The result was the world's cars.
At the moment around the world sold more than 70 different models of cars produced under the brands Ford, Lincoln, Mercury, and Aston Martin. Ford has also the proportion of shares in Mazda Motor Corporation companies and Kia Motors Corporation.